As a mum working in the finance industry I was really interested to read a recent Financial Times feature called "London: Sexism and the City" on women, leadership and the finance industry. It focuses on London but I think a lot of it applies and is relevant to other countries.
The statistics are pretty telling - only 16.2% of the managing director level positions at banks are held by women. The report touches on the reasons behind the statistic including gender stereotypes and bias, sexual harassment and sexist cultures and career disruptions due to parenthood. It also suggests some possible solutions including incentives for diversity, adequate maternity leave and return to work policies.
Some very good food for thought.